Domain Registration vs Web Hosting – What is the Difference?
As an internet user, we often hear about new and popular jargon’s. Some of them are Domain Name, Domain Name Registration, Websites, and Web Hosting. We also use these jargon’s in our daily life, but most of us are not very clear about the meaning of these tech words. All these words are also widespread in the e-commerce space. So, let us take a look into some of these tech words today. Both terms are related to websites. To start with, we will talk about Domain Names and Domain Name registration.
What is a Domain Name?
It is a unique sequence of characters assigned to an entity available on the internet. In simple words, it is the distinct identity of an individual, company, or any other organization that wants to have a presence on the internet. Some of the examples of this term are google.com, brain.info, sweden.info, yale.edu, and wiretimes.com. This terminology is created using a hierarchical technique called the Domain Name System. Now let us look into how we can name an online entity.
Domain Name System
As stated above it is a method of naming domains. According to this hierarchical technique, the name comprises of multiple parts that are known as ‘labels,’ and the hierarchy moves from the right to the left. All these ‘labels’ separated by dots together complete the nomenclature. The different ‘labels’ according to this system are:
Top-Level Domains (TLD)
This is the highest level ‘label.’ It is the last part of the name that is present in the right-most end. In the example test.com, the Top-Level Domain is ‘com.’ Other examples of this ‘label’ are net, au, and Org. This ‘label’ identifies namely:
- Country Code (ccTLD)
- Generic (gTLD)
If you want to have a Country Code in the identity of an online entity, the Top-Level Domain specifies country or state. The two-character country codes denote a ccTLD – for example, CA, EU, and AU. A gTLD mostly represents names of groups. For instance, edu, org, and gov.
Second-Level Domains (SLD)
The Second-level Domains fall below the top level in the hierarchical system. They occupy the place that is on the left side of the Top-Level Domains. In the example, test.co.au, co is the Second-Level Domain.
Third and Subsequent Level Domains
Third and subsequent level domains fall below the second level in the hierarchy. They occupy the left-side of the Second-Level Domains. The Third-Level Domain mostly represents the name of the company or firm. To understand it better, let us look at the example of tlc.co.au. In this name, TLC is the Third-Level Domain, and it represents the name of the company, ‘TLC.’
This grading system does not pose any limitation in the number of ‘labels.’ The name of a domain can also have Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and so on levels. Apart from those mentioned above, there are also some ‘Subdomains.’ A Subdomain is a part of a parent domain, and it is written on the left side of the main domain separated by a dot. In the example, 1.tlc.co.au, ‘1’ is the subdomain of the Third-Level Domain that is ‘TLC.’
Now that we understand the meaning of Domain Name let us also look at out how you can Register Domain Name.
Read also: 2 Simple Steps to Register Your Domain Name
Domain Name Registration
A Domain Name Registrar is a body that has the authority to assign names to the online sites and pages. If you are looking for Australian Domain Registrars you will find that there are quite a few to choose from. There are also resellers available in this market today. The Internet is a every growing area, and if you are searching for Domain Names in Australia, you will have some options at your fingertips. Talking about the cost, for Domain Name Registration in Australia, you will have to spend a minimum amount of $12 to $35 per year.
Now let’s take a look at the technical side of things and the area of Website Hosting.
What is Web Hosting?
Web Hosting is a process that provides your webpage or website space on the internet so that people can access them. Many firms can help you with hosting the webpage and making it accessible to the entire world. One of the most reliable firms in Australia is DataQuest Digital. The way the service works is that you pay “rent” for a part of the server that you can host your website files and store data online. Many kinds of hosting services are available today. Below we specified some common ones.
Multiple websites share one server and other related resources. This kind of hosting is the most basic option that suits small businesses best.
You can lease or hire a dedicated server, and you are responsible for its maintenance and security. You will also have full administrative control of the server and access to all it’s allocated resources.
Just like the dedicated hosting, you will get a dedicated server, but not the full administrative control. It means that you can only manage your data but cannot make any changes in the server configuration as this is managed on your behalf.
This is also like dedicated hosting. The only difference is that you do not lease or hire the server here, but you own it. In this case, the provider only makes the physical space and resources in the data-centre available to you.
This is the newest technology, and it ensures that you do not have to rely on a physical server. You can host sites on Internet-based servers. This system is very robust and provides a lot of flexibility and can scale as and when you need it.
Apart from the ones mentioned above, Reseller Hosting and WordPress Hosting are also popular. By now, you must have got a clear idea about Domain Registration, Web Hosting and the differences between the two. But if you are still not clear about the difference let us summarize it for you.
Difference Between Domain Registration and Web Hosting
Both these terms are different from each other but highly inter-dependent. For better understanding, imagine your house on a block of land. This block of land has an address registered with the governing authority. So, we can call this address as a registered Domain Name. So, if your friend wants to reach you, he or she will have to follow the location address. But if you have an empty plot, and no house constructed on it, you will not be able to welcome your guests. So, in this case, the house is synonymous to Web Hosting.
Thus, if you have a website, a registered Domain Name acts as an identifier for your site, and the hosting process provides you with resources that can store data and carry out other transactions.
We have got a detailed idea about the two essential terms related to websites. Even though there is a difference between both, but they are highly inter-dependent. Both must be well-organized to make a web page function well. Some of the best Australian Web Hosting providers help to make your online presence more straightforward.